Hemp and Marijuana are not the same, and here's why that really matters.
When examining the science of cannabis, it's important to know the differences between hemp and marijuana, particularly about THC (tetrahydrocannabinol), the psychoactive component that creates the often-discussed "high" that accompanies cannabis consumption.
This article will explore what makes hemp and marijuana different, highlighting their distinctive properties and the impact they have on regulations.
Differences in the Plants: Hemp vs. Marijuana
Though both are part of the Cannabis sativa family, hemp and marijuana are distinct in their chemical makeup and physical attributes. Hemp is grown primarily for industrial applications and has a minimal concentration of THC. As per the 2018 US Farm Bill, a cannabis plant with a THC content below 0.3% is classified as hemp. Conversely, marijuana is valued for its high THC concentration, which may be used for either recreational or medical purposes.
THC Concentration: A Key Distinction
The core difference between hemp and marijuana is their amount of THC. Legally, hemp is defined as cannabis with a THC content of no more than 0.3%. This level does not induce intoxication. This ensures that hemp-based products, including CBD, are non-psychoactive. Marijuana, however, may contain THC concentrations ranging from 5% to 30% or even more, leading to its psychoactive effects.
Legal Framework and Regulations
Hemp's minimal THC content has led to its legalization in several nations, such as the United States, where the 2018 Farm Bill removed it from the Controlled Substances Act. This opened doors for hemp's growth, processing, and trade. In contrast, marijuana is still classified as a Schedule I substance in the US, resulting in various federal limitations.
Varied Uses and Applications
Both hemp and marijuana serve different purposes. Industries ranging from textiles to construction and even dietary supplements utilize hemp. Additionally, products derived from hemp, such as CBD, have become increasingly popular in wellness circles. Conversely, marijuana is primarily used for its recreational and therapeutic benefits.
Ratios of CBD-to-THC
Another critical variance between hemp and marijuana is the CBD-to-THC ratio. Hemp usually has a higher proportion of CBD relative to THC. Conversely, marijuana is often grown to maximize THC and may have fluctuating CBD levels. This difference in cannabinoid compositions leads to disparate effects and possible therapeutic uses for hemp-based CBD versus marijuana.
Conclusion: The Importance of Knowing the Difference
Understanding the distinctions between THC in hemp and marijuana is vital for anyone involved or interested in the cannabis market. It helps companies like 32d CBD provide high-quality hemp products that adhere to regulations. As the cannabis industry grows and evolves, this knowledge enables businesses and consumers to make educated choices, capitalizing on the enormous potential of this burgeoning market.
For a comprehensive selection of CBD products made from lawful hemp, explore 32d CBD's family of products.